Alstonia boonei pdf
Table 1 e Effect of the ethanol extract of the stem bark of Alstonia boonei on agar-induced leucocyte migration in rats. Chime, et al.: Alstonia Boonei Stem Bark Powder Tablets The aim of this work was to formulate Alstonia boonei dried stem bark powder into tablets by wet granulation method using acacia, gelatine and sodium carboxymethyl cellulose as binders at concentrations of 1, 2, 4 and 8% w/w. Mangifera indica and Alstonia boonei of the families Anacadiaceae and Apocynaceae respectively, were repeatedly mentioned as the two mostly used plants for the treatment of DM in the study area. The extracts were incorporated into artificial diet at a rate of 0.0% (control), 1.0%, 2.5%, 5.0%, and 10.0% (w/w). The ethanolic extract of the leaves of Alstonia boonei yielded yellow oil (2.38g). The col- our and therefore the phytochemical constituents, were not the same for the extract obtained from a plant material following different methods of dye extraction.
Within West Africa, it is considered as sacred in some forest communities; consequently the plant parts are not eaten. Phytochemical constituents, antioxidant and antidiabetic activities of different extracts of the leaves, stem and root barks of Alstonia boonei : an in vitro and in silico study. Habit Tree 25–30(–40) m high with white latex; trunk up to 1.4 m in diameter, with or without buttresses up to 8 m high; bark grey, white or yellowish, smooth or scaly. CELLULITIS • The nasal skin may be invaded by streptococci or staphylococci • leading to red, swollen and tender nose.
Alstonia boonei De Wild ethanol extracts of the stem bark (ABSB) and root bark (ABRB) were evaluated for possible anthelmintic activity. Introduction Liver is the largest and heaviest internal organ of the body weighting about 1.4 – 1.6 kg, it is a soft, reddish-brown triangular organ with two lobes, averaging about the size of an American football in adults (Guyton and Hall, 1996). Citations are the number of other articles citing this article, calculated by Crossref and updated daily. Hitherto, no phytochemical investigation on the mixture has been reported; hence, a preliminary phytochemical investigation is hereby communicated for the first time.
Root ,leaves, stem showed potential activity.
The , seers who kokoro were specialized in tracking down witches, had a mask as an at-tribute, which they wore at some ceremonies. The Mona monkeys are naturally occurring in these marsh/swampy coastal forest and sandy coastal savanna grassland. and Ethanol Extracts of the Stem bark of Alstonia Antimicrobial Potential of Medicinal Plants from the boonei and Morinda lucida. The coastal barrier islands have also been relatively protected from commercial timber extraction by the inaccessibility of many stands. The bark of the root and stem is pounded, uhie (a dye) added and the mixture is rubbed on the swollen foot twice daily until the foot comes down. This research work was carried out with a view to investigating the anti-inflammatory and anti-atherogenic properties of aqueous extract of Alstonia boonei. This paper aims to analyze the traditional usages and, assess the abundance of stems and the mass of the barks of Alstonia boonei for its use as a medicinal plant in the community forest of Mbeth II, East region of Cameroon. Many antimalarial and antibiotic agents have been reported to have antifertility actions.
In other findings, the anti-inflammatory properties of the alcohol extract of Alstonia boonei have been applied in herbal treatment of muscular pain and rheumatic fever . It is an important anti-malarial herb which consists of about 50 species widely distributed in the continents of Africa, Asia, and America. The movement of the organisms became sluggish and were clumped together in the extracted groups. This study was conducted in order to assess the effects of aqueous and methanol stem-bark extracts of Alstonia boonei on DSS- (dextran sodium sulfate-) induced intestinal colitis and to determine its antioxidant potential.
Two hundred grams of the dried root was macerated in 1500 ml of tap water and left to stand for 24 hours. From all the herbalists contacted during the study, the names Enantia chlorantha and Alstonia boonei consistently occurred in the list of herbs for antimalarial remedies and so did Sorghum bicolor in the list for haematinic remedies. The aim of this work was to formulate Alstonia boonei dried stem bark powder into tablets by wet granulation method using acacia, gelatine and sodium carboxymethyl cellulose as binders at concentrations of 1, 2, 4 and 8% w/w. The wood sample was identified at the Department of Botany University of Nigeria, Nsukka. About 53.33% of the plants cited were reported as being rare, thus further studies on their conservation strategies were suggested.
In this study we have carried out phytochemical analysis and antimicrobial investigation of ethanol and aqueous extracts of the root of . Alstonia boonei Leaf IND g IND g IND g IND h Endosulphan 0.93 ± 0.06 a 1.61 ± 0.12 a 0.90 ± 0.09 a 1.44 ± 0.11 a Keys: *: Doses in mg/mL; IND: Indeterminable (no dead larvae at the concentrations tested). The plant is about 45 m tall and 1.2 m in diameter that sheds it leaves annu-ally. Three different concentrations of each extract (50, 100 and 150 mg/ml) were evaluated for in vitro anthelmintic activity by determining the effects of the extracts on the paralysis and death times of Pheretima posthuma.
These metrics are regularly updated to reflect usage leading up to the last few days. The plants were authenticated by a taxonomist in the Applied Biology Department of Ebonyi State, University, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. The greyish bark is thick and rough with an abundant white latex, bitter taste that coagulates giving a resin, hardening very quickly. It is an African large evergreen deciduous crude medicinal tree that sheds its leaves annually. Methodology: The anti-microbial screening was performed using the agar well diffusion method and the excision wound model was employed for the wound healing experiment.
The seeds are provided at both ends of egrets.
The use of herbal remedies in antimicrobial treatment is a common practice in many countries of the world including Nigeria. been validated by authors using different plants including Alstonia boonei, Alligator pepper, Alchornea cordifolia [18,32,34,37]. Alstonia boonei De Wild, of the family Apocynaceae, stem bark has been sold in large quantities daily on the Ghanaian market , is used for treating a myriad of diseases. The success of chemotherapy against the challenge posed by the dynamic emergence of resistant strains lies in the continuous search for new potent drugs.
The development of resistance to the available insecticides has necessitated the continued search for safer ones from plants. Values with different superscripts within columns are significantly different (p < 0.05, one-way analysis of variance followed by the Student–Newman–Keuls’ test). Get PDF (483 KB) Abstract In a preliminary research, authors reported that solvents extracts of Alstonia boonei possess strong antimalarial activity against NK-65 Chloroquine sensitive Plasmodium berghei infected mice with aqueous extract having the highest decrease in mean percentage parasitaemia. The plant stem bark or leaves are administered as decoction or 'teas" and sometimes as an ingredient in malaria "steam therapy".
The most abundant species and family were Alstonia boonei and sterculiaceae respectively. Full Article - PDF Review History Published Aug 19, 2020 Page: 19-34 Main Article Content. Alstonia scholaris also known as devil tree is an evergreen tree growing upto height of 100m.
A large tree often with a deeply fluted bole, yielding copious latex when slashed with the branches and distinctive leaves in whorls. This study was carried out to assess the safety of extract and fractions of Alstonia boonei (de wild) stem bark, popularly used in the treatment of malaria especially in Africa. Introduction: Toxic effects arising from the use of medicinal herbs have been frequently overshadowed by the therapeutic efficacy of phytomedicines. The trypanocidal effects of extracts will require further experimentation after fractionation and characterisation using chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Alstonia (family Apocynaceae).
Journal of Applied Research on Medicinal and Aromatic Plants.
They were also kept in the deep freezer to ensure that any existing insect eggs and larvae are killed before the commencement of the experiment. The map of Land Use and Vegetation of the Federal University of Technology, Akure, was produced, with the aid of Geographical Information System (GIS). The species is highly priced, especially in situations where affordable antimalarial drugs are found ineffective, due to drug-resistant malaria parasites.
It is commonly called as cheese wood , pattern wood very large tropical forest tree ,native to tropical west part of Africa. These results showed that Alstonia boonei ethanolic stem bark extract possesses potent antimalarial effects and may therefore offer the potential for a safe, effective and affordable antimalarial phytomedicine. Alstonia boonei have been used topically to reduce swellings and in treating rheumatic fever, muscular pain and hypertension . Alstonia boonei is a high tree of up to 33m, with a straight and fluted stem, having no buttress roots. rd3 Unibadan Conference of Biomedical Research (2012) .University of Ibadan, Oyo State.
The wood was air-dried and cut into 1-3 cm bits in a laboratory pulverizer followed by sieving to make the wood sawdust free and then oven-dried at 60 ± 0.5ºC for 18h. Alstonia boonei stem bark was collected from mature trees (20 – 35 m in height), dried in the sun and ground to powder using an electric blender (SuperMaster®, Model SMB 2977, Japan).
In the present study, the petroleum ether and hydro-alcoholic extracts of these two plants were tested in vitro on choloroquine sensitive (3D7) strains of Plasmodium falciparum for their anti-malarial activity. Solvents with different polarity were used for the extraction, and the extracts were tested against five human pathogens. Conclusions: Respondents reiterated that plant materials used were collected from the wild and traditional medicine is preferable in the treatment of malaria compared to Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACT). Safety of natural products is a priority before they are acceptable for consumption. TO EXAMINE THE EXTRACTS (LEAF, STEM AND ROOTS) OF ALSTONIA BOONEI ON THE ALLOXAN-INDUCED DIABETIC MELLITUS .0INTRODUCTION1.1BACKGROUND OF STUDYThroughout the world, many cultures still rely on indigenous medicinal plants for their primary health care needs (Farnsworth et al., 1985). Preliminary studies on the anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity of the methanolic fraction of the root extract of Tragia inolucrata Linn. Download this complete Project material titled; Effect Of Alstonia Boonei Stem Bark Extract On Liver Function In Ccl4-Induced Liver Damage In Male Rabbits with abstract, chapter 1-5, references and questionnaire.Preview Abstract or chapter one below.